Defence and security sectors in several Arab countries have been undergoing significant transformation in recent years, as a result of civil wars, state crisis and fracturing, and external intervention. Fluid coalitions of national armed forces and armed non-state actors are increasingly engaged in complex patterns of de-confliction, coexistence, and cooperation embedded within a wider context of persistent competition and of geopolitical rivalry between an array of external backers. What does this mean for security governance in fragmented states like Syria, Iraq, Yemen and Lebanon?
Since Saddam Hussein’s overthrow in 2003, Iraq has been enduring severe sociopolitical hardships. Unsolved issues on the sectarian and security level have left the door open to the development of insurgency groups such as al-Qaeda in Iraq, whose notorious heir ISIS has sadly characterized the past few years of Iraqi history. How was ISIS born, how did it manage to expand so rapidly, and what led to its decline? Which political and socioeconomic reasons pushed locals to join ISIS? How might the current challenges in Iraq affect the future of ISIS and similar organizations?
What are the current trends in global peace? Will the deterioration of peace seen over the last decade continue? How, and to what extent, can the economic impact and the benefits of a strong and durable peace be measured? To discuss these issues, ISPI is pleased to invite you to the presentation of the 12th edition of the Global Peace Index, the world’s leading measure of global peacefulness. This report presents the most comprehensive data-driven analysis on trends in peace, its economic value, and how to develop peaceful societies.
Algeria, a strategic partner and a key energy supplier for Europe and Italy, is an island of stability in a tumultuous region. Seven years after the Arab Spring uprisings, the Algerian regime has shown a significant degree of resilience and adaptability. The country’s relative peace and the regime’s longevity reflect the capacity of elites to dispense political and economic resources, in a manner that has allowed to absorb social dissatisfaction, keep society in check, and strengthen the foundations of their rule. What are the mechanisms behind these dynamics?
11.00 Introduction and Chair:
Fabio Rugge, Head, Centre on Cybersecurity, ISPI