The arch of crisis stretching across the Middle East and North Africa continues to be characterized by unsolved wars. In Libya, for instance, the recent military offensive by General Khalifa Haftar has further fueled the competition between opposing factions, thus hindering any prospects for national reconciliation. In Syria, although the war appears to be approaching its final stages, violence and institutional vacuum remain the norm. To complicate the picture even further, in different MENA crises regional and external players such as Iran, Turkey, the Arab Gulf monarchies, but also the United States and the Russian Federation, are used to back different actors according to their own interests, a case the conflict in Yemen perfectly epitomizes, often ending up with exacerbating internal struggles within specific contexts of crisis. Today, external influences and internal decisions seem irreversibly intertwined, something which might represent an obstacle on the path from battlefield to political solution of the MENA crises.
The international Community, though, could play an important role in order to encourage the regional powers to cooperate rather that compete or fight.