While the recent signing of the “Abraham Accords” between Israel and some Arab States could be a game-changer in the Middle East, they have been rejected by the Palestinian Authority and several regional States, which instead remain committed to the Arab Peace initiative, a pan-Arab roadmap long advocated by the Palestinians that calls for Israeli withdrawal from the occupied territories and acceptance of Palestinian statehood, offering diplomatic normalization with the Arab world in return. As new diplomatic pathways unfold, relations between the Palestinians and Israelis may nonetheless revive through well-established and long-standing negotiation channels. The recent announcement of the Palestinian Authority to resume cooperation with Israel after more than 6 months may be a positive step in this direction. In parallel, the recent victory of democratic nominee Joe Biden in the U.S. presidential elections could open a new chapter for the Palestinians while also encouraging a deeper political engagement by European countries. At the same time, by exacerbating long-standing socio-economic difficulties in the Palestinian territories, the COVID-19 pandemic revealed the urgent need to solve the Israeli-Palestinian issue through a more inclusive and shared multilateral platform.
Watch the Dialogue with Riyad Al Malki, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates, Palestine, on the MED website.