The year 2010 marks the 50th anniversary of the Year of Africa. In 1960, in fact, 17 African colonial territories obtained independence. The transition was relatively smooth, if one excludes the big crisis in Congo, which unveiled both limits of independence and the burden of the East-West confrontation.
Africa took part in all the associations and movements connected with the Third World. However it trusted more aid rather than a would be reform of the global economic order given its very marginal position in the international productive chain.
Fifty years after this landmark date, the core of the problems is still connected with the capability of the state to cope with the challenges of development and democracy.