This paper provides an overview of EU economic governance reforms in the last two years and places emphasis on the positive steps taken in 2012, as opposed to the growing political resistance emerged by early 2013.
Attention is particularly attached to Italy, which was able to start a credible national plan of structural adjustments, thus earning the right to play a leading role in shaping EU reforms, making them effective and pushing for their implementation.
The effectiveness of the reforms hinges on the political power balance between major EU Member States. By re-opening a credibility gap with its partners in 2013, Italian political instability risks compromising its efforts towards the implementation of both rigorous and sufficiently flexible EU reforms.
The paper finally suggests the next steps Italy and the EU as a whole need to take in order to further advance the ongoing reform process of the EU economic governance.