Seventy years after the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the country is a leading global power. Its growing international presence is now inspiring opposing sentiments from countries around the world. Although seven decades have passed, China today still relies on the re-elaboration of the ideological and political principles of its past. Understanding these principles is key to increase our awareness of the role ideology played in shaping the country’s domestic and foreign policy choices. Where is China’s domestic arena headed? To what extent have the drivers of its foreign policy changed? What's next for Beijing's relations with its main international partners?