Cybercriminals are among the greatest spenders in the research and development of cutting-edge cyber offensive capabilities. They exploit the asymmetry of cyberspace, where an attack costs much less that the defense, and they take full advantage of our lack of awareness on cybersecurity issues. They are difficult to anticipate, to trace-back and to contrast – it is almost impossible to bring them to justice. But looking at cybercrime in a simple law enforcement perspective might be misleading.
This fourth Dossier of the ISPI Centre on Cybersecurity focuses on the strategic threat that transnational organized cybercrime poses to national and international security. Cybercrime fuels the proliferation of cyber weapons - some of which already targeted national critical infrastructures - and it has been used as a proxy by governments seeking to advance their strategic interests while retaining plausible deniability. Could cybercrime escalate into a future international crisis? Is the international community doing enough to address this threat?