Following Russia’s annexation of Crimea and involvement in eastern Ukraine in 2014, the term hybrid warfare has become a catchphrase with the Western expert community. It designates a supposedly new strategy of smart employment of technologies to influence the hearts and minds of targeted audiences. But the term is highly controversial: actually, many argue that Russia’s “hybrid warfare strategy” is rather a western myth than a formal comprehensive Russian strategic concept. So what is hybrid warfare? Has it really become part of Russia’s military strategy? And how has it been used in cyberspace in recent conflicts?