Turkmenistan’s political course is changing. After almost 15 years of isolationism under the autocratic rule of former president Saparmurat Niyazov, coupled with strong economic dependency upon Russia, Ashgabat has recently launched a “multivector” foreign and commercial policy. The latter is based on Turkmenistan's oil resources and more especially on its gas resources. Ashgabat is eager to strengthen the country’s energy ties and economic cooperation with China, Iran, the US and Europe, although Russia remains Turkmenistan’s main economic partner. President Berdymuhamedov has even introduced some political and economic reforms in order to enhance the country's image and change the state’s seemingly monolithic-autocratic form. While Turkmen gas represents a crucial asset for the EU-backed Nabucco gas pipeline project, controversy over the country’s real reserves casts doubts on Ashgabat’s actual capacity to deliver.