Connectivity has always been an essential feature of any society. Even more so today: connectivity has been shaping globalization by reducing distances, boosting international trade, and improving the interdependence of countries and their economies. Thanks to connectivity, many of the political barriers that have traditionally hindered a greater integration among nations have been overcome. Regulations, standards and technical requirements are becoming more and more similar across the globe, allowing the spread of technologies and transnational infrastructure projects across different countries. Are these trends here to stay? What impact will rising protectionism have on the future of connectivity? Are new energy interconnections improving supply security? And how should internet services and digital infrastructure be regulated?