Japanese foreign policy is based on two linchpins – Japan’s alliance with the USA and regional cooperation.
It has not always been easy to find the right balance between these two strategic lines, particularly since the democratic party came to power. While in the past Japan’s excessive economic power often caused the commitment to increase the financial and political integration of eastern Asia to be pushed into the background, regionalism has now become a necessity that is calling for difficult decisions. The strategic perspective which is best adapted to Japan’s security needs is that of an “open” region that includes the USA, Australia, Russia and India, with specific political-cultural benchmarks such as democracy and respect for human rights. However, in the realization of its plan – which should even lead to the creation of a single currency in the long-term – Japan has encountered the obstacle of China, which has an alternative regional policy