After a draining period of political deadlock, the parliamentary election in Lebanon will take place on May 6, 2018. Such forthcoming vote is particularly important, since Lebanese voters have not cast their ballots for nine years; moreover, it will be the first time that the long-awaited new electoral law, based on proportional representation, is implemented. This election may be the chance for Lebanon to exit the current political stalemate and deal with the several compelling issues affecting the country: a stumbling economy, corruption and the Syrian refugee crisis, just to mention the more crucial domestic challenges that Beirut has to address. Moreover, due to its geopolitical strategic position at the core of the Middle East, Lebanon has always been subjected to the influence and meddling of external actors, today mainly represented by Iran, Saudi Arabia and Israel. Thus, the Lebanese political and economic outlook can certainly not ignore the regional conflicts and crises that surround its borders, raising major national security concerns. Which political and economic dynamics characterise Lebanon on the eve of this momentous election? Will this vote have an impact on Hezbollah’s paramount role in the country? What is at stake for the different internal and external players? What can Lebanon expect from this election?