The expansion of Tokyo’s security and defence ties in East, Southeast and South Asia inspired Washington – together with India and Australia – to get on board Tokyo’s strategy to deter or indeed contain China. Japanese policymakers and the pro-defence government led by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe continue to invest enormous political capital and resources into seeking to keep China’s economic, territorial and security ambitions in the region in check. Will a Japan-driven deterrence and containment strategy be endorsed and supported by Tokyo’s Southeast Asian partners and recipients of Japanese aid and investments? What is the stance of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) towards Japan’s Indo-Pacific vision and policies? And what are the European Union’s interests and strategies in this context?
The Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Afghanistan: Old Fears, Old Barriers to Counterterrorism Cooperation