Some analysts think that the power of the Pasdaran is now greater than that of the Supreme Leader and that the Iranian economy is firmly in their hands, with RAND Corporation scholars note on the contrary that the IRGC is a strongly divided organization and not necessarily a conservative one. Where does the truth lie? Established as a military organization for the protection of the Islamic Republic, over the years the IRGC has become entangled with the country’s political and economic affairs. A new provincial “Islamic bourgeoisie” of modest social origin was born from its ranks in the 90s and has since then discreetly and gradually taken up positions of political and economic prestige. Despite fears of a military drift, this new social class will increasingly play a fundamental role as an instrument of political transformation within the Islamic Republic’s system.