Russia’s presence in Africa has returned to the fore. The first-ever Russia-Africa summit, held in Sochi on 23-24 October 2019, sparked international attention, raising questions about Russia’s new Africa strategy. Titles as diverse as “The new scramble for Africa” and “Russia-Africa summit a great opportunity for Africa” started to pop up in the international press, highlighting different dimensions and, above all, assessments of Moscow’s initiative. As the international media attention fades and the outcomes of the summit emerge, it is time to cool-headedly reflect on Russia’s Africa strategy – or lack thereof. What does it mean to have Russia back? What interests does Russia have on the continent, and what are its tools to pursue them?