The war in Ukraine is deeply impacting global food markets, disrupting supplies, and bringing prices up, especially, those of cereals and vegetable oil. Together, Russia and Ukraine account for a third of the world's wheat exports and are among the primary suppliers for most of the countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Concerns have emerged that food inflation could potentially result in the rise of popular protests and mobilizations. While Gulf countries could balance food inflation with rising oil revenues, other countries, such as Egypt, Tunisia, and Lebanon, are in a less favorable situation. Countries ravaged by conflicts, such as Yemen and Syria, are in a graver position, due primarily to their high reliance on food aid from international partners. To what extent is the Ukraine conflict contributing to food insecurity in the MENA region? What are the potential political and economic consequences? How are regional governments reacting?