Over the years, diversification and activism have been major features of Ankara’s foreign policy, wherein the United States and the European Union no longer take centre stage. Despite common geostrategic, security, and economic interests, ties with Ankara’s traditional Western partners have experienced setbacks and tensions. Meanwhile, Turkey’s assertiveness in the Middle East and North Africa has turned it into a crucial player in the region’s central crises, from Syria through Libya all the way to the Eastern Mediterranean.
What are the implications of Turkey’s changing foreign policy on its relations with Western partners and in the MENA region? How can Ankara strike the right balance between the different dimensions of its multidimensional foreign policy? To what extent is there room to reset its relations with Washington and Brussels? And how is Turkey planning to redefine ties with other Mediterranean countries and to end its “precious loneliness”?