Africa is a fast-changing continent and an area of rising global relevance, where major transformation processes are currently underway, from demographic expansion to economic development, from social progress to environmental challenges, from technological innovation to continental integration, from political change to migratory pressures. How will these complex transformations shape the Africa of tomorrow?
This Report sets out a vision for Africa’s future based on five key traits: an archipelago of heterogeneous growth trajectories; the revolutionary impact of technological leapfrogging; regional integration and the growing role of sub-regional processes; the clustering of instability mainly around the core of the region; and the migration movements that originate from – but also predominantly remain within – the African continent.
Table of Contents
Introduction, Paolo Magri
1. Mapping Change in Africa, Giovanni Carbone
2. Africa’s Multi-Speed Growth Prospects: Diverging Policy Options?, Thang Nguyen-Quoc, Arthur Minsat, Rodrigo Deiana
3. Sub-Regions First: The Role and Evolution of Regional Economic Communities in Africa, Brendan Vickers
4. Faster Than Expected? Technological Progress and Connectivity in Africa, Michael Minges
5. Peace and Security Challenges in Africa, Clionadh Raleigh
6. Exploring Intra- and Extra-Continental African Migration: Trends, Drivers and Policy Options, Richard Mallett
7. Human Development, Education and Mobility, Sara de Simone
8. Conclusions and Policy Implications, Giovanni Carbone, Tiziana Corda
* The analyses in this report were finalised in June 2018. The study was conducted as part of a project funded by the Directorate General for Global Affairs of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation. The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not reflect the views of ISPI or the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.