While human mobility is an inalienable right, it is also true that people should not be forced to migrate: it is, therefore, essential to work for development in countries of origin, of transit, and in those affected by South-South migration, particularly in Africa, from which a large part of the migratory flow comes, in order to create conditions that encourage food security, sustainable development, and resilience, involving the community, civil society, and the private sector, and addressing the complexities related to climate change.
The right to human mobility goes hand in hand with the right of each sovereign state to regulate migratory flows that cross its borders. Finding a sustainable balance between these rights is a challenge for all: what is certain, however, is that each country should aim to “govern” the migratory processes and not be governed by them.
While sea arrivals continue to make the headlines, even if at a slower pace than in the recent past, it is time to stop and reflect. Since last year, sea arrivals in Italy have decreased by more than 80%, but over the last five years the number of refugees and other beneficiaries of international protection has increased by 180,000, and there are still about 130,000 asylum seekers waiting for a decision. Besides, many of those who are denied protection cannot be returned and will remain in Italy.
It is, therefore, appropriate to ask: is there an integration gap between the newly arrived and foreigners who have been in Italy for years? Should we invest in the integration of those whohave arrived in Italy in recent years? And if so, with what resources?
Through this joint paper, ISPI and Cesvi aim at suggesting a possible path forward: it is not the only one, but it certainly opens new scenarios and opportunities.
and General Manager
ISPI, Executive Vice President and Director