On March 21st 2016, the International Criminal Court (ICC) rendered its judgement in the case of Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo, who was the President and Commander-in-Chief of the Mouvement de Libération du Congo (MLC). The Trial Chamber III found him guilty beyond any reasonable doubt of two counts of crimes against humanity - murder and rape - and three counts of war crimes - murder, rape and pillaging.
Not all extremists are under investigation - At the end of last year, just over 1,000 Islamist extremists across all 50 states were being actively investigated by the FBI. In order to open an investigation, the FBI needs to have evidence of criminal behavior, or high suspicion of criminal behavior.
Figure 1. Access to electricity and non-solid fuels in Africa (Source: AEEP Status Report Update 2016)
It is well known that the oil and gas sector is the backbone of the Algerian economy, accounting for about 35 per cent of gross domestic product, and two-thirds of total exports; that the first commercial oil discovery was in 1956 and that production started in 1958 during the bloodiest anti–colonial revolt of national liberation in Arab history. And that Italy was at that time – and still is - in great need of this resource for its own development.
The Northeast Asian region is undergoing a major transition in its order—the fundamental norms and values by which states interact with one another. This order is shifting along three different dimensions—security, economics, and identity. Major challenges to previous patterns are occurring in all three of these but in addition, developments in each frequently are in tension with developments in the others.
A un mese dalla riconquista di Ramadi, le Forze di sicurezza irachene continuano le operazioni per liberare l'area dalla presenza dei jihadisti del "califfato". Benché la situazione sul campo sia ancora precaria e l'esercito iracheno abbia subito gravi perdite proprio negli ultimi giorni, si tratta di un importante passo avanti nella lotta al sedicente Stato Islamico in Iraq.
Russia’s military intervention in Syria at the end of September 2015 undoubtedly strengthened and sustained the Bashar Al-Assad regime. For the first time since the height of the Cold War Russian military personnel were actively involved in the Middle East as a combatant force with significant political leverage to counterbalance the roles of Saudi Arabia and Turkey in the Syrian conflict and thus the wider Middle East.
The 2015 presidential election in Côte d’Ivoire will be on many respects different from the 2010 election that spurred the resumption of the Ivorian civil war. There is no comparable risk of violence and it seems likely that the elections will be peaceful, with minor sporadic incidents. However, the positive impact of the election on democratization and peacebuilding is questionable.
Police infiltration of political groups posing a threat to the British State and society has been the subject of intensive coverage by national media outlets for the past four years. Central to media stories have been some unethical techniques employed, and several controversial activities carried out, by two units working for the Metropolitan Police Service, namely the Special Demonstration Squad (1968-2008) and the National Public Order Intelligence Unit (1999-2011).
One year after the annexation – or reunification, depending on the point of view – of Crimea, Russian mass media is doing its best to keep up the degree of patriotism – or nationalism, again according to the point of view – within the population.