L’approfondimento si inserisce nel dibattito internazionale che si è sviluppato attorno alla presunta perdita d’influenza russa nel proprio immediato vicinato, dibattito riaccesosi di recente a seguito delle crisi politiche scoppiate nella seconda metà del 2020 in Bielorussia, Kirghizistan e Armenia. Vengono esaminate dunque le politiche di Mosca nel proprio vicinato muovendo dai suoi due obiettivi di lungo periodo: mantenere un ruolo egemonico nello spazio post-sovietico e promuovere la costituzione di un nuovo equilibrio multipolare dello scenario politico internazionale.
In 2020, the pandemic upset our lives and upended the world as we know it – and Europe with it. EU Member States launched an unprecedented €750 billion Next Generation EU recovery package, but then bickered on how to use its funds, or whether to tie them to the respect of the rule of law. Meanwhile, big powers were on the move: from the United States where a newly elected President promises to rekindle diplomacy by “bringing America back” to multilateral forums, to an increasingly assertive China and a looming Russia.
Il persistere della pandemia da Covid-19 e l’impatto negativo che questa sta avendo sull’economia e sulle dinamiche sociopolitiche interne rimangono i principali fattori caratterizzanti l’attuale situazione in Algeria.
In 2020, the way we define “insecurity” has drastically changed. Insecurity can now also be invisible and all around us, in the shape of a virus that disrupts people’s lives, upends the economy, subverts the core functions of national governments and jeopardises the foundations of international cooperation. At the same time, the Sars-CoV-2 pandemic has not made traditional security challenges disappear, especially in and around Asia.
Armed Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), most commonly known as “drones”, are making headlines due to their increasing use in conflicts around the world and, especially, in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Besides their specific military impact and their consequences for warfare, drones might also have important implications for political and security dynamics in a context of both state fragility and deepening interstate rivalry across the region.
“We need to look beyond our immediate issues such as Eritrea, Somalia, and the problems of the two Sudans. Those [are] issues we can handle […]. We face two strategic adversaries. One is Egypt.” To make sense of the relationship between Ethiopia and Egypt, Alex de Waal’s long conversations with Ethiopia's late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi comes in handy.
In a progressively fragile and complex reality, the true social, economic and industrial revolution will start from space.
The Mediterranean region has faced a significant number of challenges that have stemmed from turbulent events taking place on its Southern shores: conflicts and instability, the migration crisis, disruptions of regional value chains, souring regional relations, and foreign power interferences that have severely affected the region. The Covid-19 pandemic wreaked havoc on the Southern Mediterranean, but the health crisis had ambiguous effects on the underlying economic, social, and political trends of the region.
The Covid-19 pandemic could not have come at a worse time, as many countries in the MENA region remain engulfed in vicious internal conflicts or must cope with structural socio-economic distress and popular dissent. In many respects, such a context and many of its problems resemble those that formed the backdrop for the Arab Spring in 2011.
The Covid-19 pandemic is not only a health challenge. In the MENA region, against the backdrop of protracted conflicts, instability, and an overall deterioration in socio-economic conditions, the coronavirus crisis adds another layer of vulnerability and has already had long-lasting repercussions on human security across the region.