Fabio Petito is Senior Associate Research Fellow in ISPI and Head of the "Religions and International Relations" Programme promoted by ISPI and the Freedom of Religion or Belief & Foreign Policy Initiative (FoRB&FPI), University of Sussex - UK. He is Senior Lecturer in International Relations at the University of Sussex. He has taught at SOAS in London, the ESCP-EAP in Paris and at ‘L’Orientale’ in Naples.
The world’s political and corporate leaders tend to agree that high intensity, training quality data frames (TQD) embedded through Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems are progressively permeating all aspects of our lives. The current technologies, grounded on sophisticated algorithms and big data, have become of strategic importance for countries and for leading corporations worldwide. The TQD has demonstrated to be one of the most transformative human-built forces in the current days.
In 2006 the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) – of which al-Shabaab was initially part before becoming the remaining ‘faction’ – introduced a new chapter of governance in Somalia based on its interpretation of the Shari’a (Islamic Law). Using Islam as its foundation and claiming to introduce a ‘purely’ Islamic government in Somalia, al-Shabaab brought a different perspective to the Somali governance that dominated since 1991 (end of the government of Siad Barre) creating a foothold for clan and sub-clan aligned warlords.
Over the last decades, experts and practitioners have frequently described Somalia as the quintessential collapsed state: because of state fragility, Somalia is seen as a reign of anarchy nurturing terrorism. According to this narrative, externally assisted forms of counter-terrorism, peace- and state-building are the most preferable and feasible solution to address state fragility.
On the last Sunday before Easter, the city of Makassar, South Sulawesi, was rocked by a suicide bombing that took place at the gates of the Sacred Heart of Jesus Cathedral while the morning mass was held. Two suicide bombers detonated a homemade, improvised explosive device, wounding around 20 people and killing themselves. In a press conference following the attack, Police General Listyo Sigit Prabowo, Chief of the Indonesian National Police, stated the two suicide bombers were believed to be members of Jemaah Anshorut Daulah (JAD).
The Houthi Movement, known officially as Ansar Allah, is a Zaydi revivalist movement that takes its name from its eponymous founder, Hussein al-Houthi. Leadership of the movement remains in the hands of the al-Houthi family and especially Abd al-Malik al-Houthi.
The decade that began last year will be particularly crucial in determining the new trends of the global economy. International trade will be no exception. First, the pandemic has clearly hit both supply and demand hard, so it is necessary to get both back up to steam. Secondly, technological innovation is also revolutionising how goods and services are traded.
On 1 March 2021, Italy’s intelligence systempublished its Report to Parliament on security information policy for the year 2020.
L’approfondimento si inserisce nel dibattito internazionale che si è sviluppato attorno alla presunta perdita d’influenza russa nel proprio immediato vicinato, dibattito riaccesosi di recente a seguito delle crisi politiche scoppiate nella seconda metà del 2020 in Bielorussia, Kirghizistan e Armenia. Vengono esaminate dunque le politiche di Mosca nel proprio vicinato muovendo dai suoi due obiettivi di lungo periodo: mantenere un ruolo egemonico nello spazio post-sovietico e promuovere la costituzione di un nuovo equilibrio multipolare dello scenario politico internazionale.
A year has passed since the relationship between the Al-Qaeda-affiliated Jama’at Nusrat al-Islam wal-Muslimin (JNIM) and Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (ISGS) deteriorated into a full-fledged turf war in the Sahel, joining the league of conflict between Al-Qaeda (AQ) and Islamic State (IS). The conflict between JNIM and ISGS is amongthe deadliest in the world. What the inter-jihadi battles across the broader Middle East and Africa have in common is that they are either cyclical or gradually decline.