Il quadro congiunturale in Lombardia rivela elementi incoraggianti. I dati a consuntivo della produzione manifatturiera lombarda per i primi tre mesi del 2021 confermano, infatti, l’intonazione positiva che emergeva dagli indicatori di fiducia già a inizio anno e il recupero dell’industria in Lombardia è più veloce rispetto alla media italiana.
Though U.S.-Turkish strategic bilateral relations date back to the early Cold War era, one cannot describe them as warm today. Many issues divide Ankara and Washington, starting with Turkey’s 2017 purchase of the Russian-made S-400 missile-defense system, for which the United States sanctioned Turkey by suspending Ankara’s participation, in July 2019, in NATO’s flagship F-35 fighter plane project. What is more, new U.S.
Today, Syria will have a presidential election, but what role would Syrian refugees, internally displaced persons, and the diaspora play in this process? To begin with, the conditions to hold free and fair elections in Syria currently do not exist. There are several logistical, constitutional, and security impediments that do not allow for displaced Syrians to neither vote freely, nor run for office. The basic requirements for elections as defined in the Geneva Communiqué and Security Council Resolution 2254 do not exist and have not been discussed yet.
As the world progressively recognizes the need for “net zero” greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, renewed interest for hydrogen is surging. This need was implicit in the United Nations Framework Climate Change Convention’s ultimate objective, which calls for the stabilization of GHG atmospheric concentrations, though no agenda —and hence no standards— were set. The Paris Accord, by setting the target to limit the global temperature change to 2°C above pre-industrial levels, and striving to limit it to 1.5°C, has filled this void.
The Paris Agreement (PA) sets an ambitious objective of limiting the global temperature increase to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, with the intention to limit it at 1.5°C. Achieving these targets requires a massive decarbonization of the world economy, which still heavily relies on polluting fossil fuels. Despite 30 years of negotiations under the United Nations – the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was agreed on in 1992 -, global energy related CO2 emissions have increased since then by over 50% (IEA, 2021).
The deadlock pitting the President of the Somali Republic, Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, elected in 2017, against various political and clan interests as well as a number of federal states is far from being resolved. The elections scheduled for February 8, 2021 were never held and the president rules by fiat that is helped by the fractured nature of the opposition. The unsettled domestic political situation in Somalia leaves little room for optimism that the previously agreed upon September 17, 2020 electoral model will be implemented.
While digitalization holds the promise of enhancing youth employment in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, the region is falling behind in digital infrastructure, governance, and skills. Only through fundamental structural reforms can the MENA region take advantage of new digital frontiers.
The Covid-19 pandemic will have many losers, but digital platforms will come out of the crisis even stronger. Physical activities like working in an office can be disease vectors, which is why they won’t rebound as quickly as trade, and their currently digitalised nature may not vanish in the medium term. Work on digital labour platforms provides workers with the opportunity to work from anywhere, at any time and take up whatever jobs suits them.
The broader application of ICT and new digital technologies such as data analytics, robotics, artificial intelligence, and the Internet of things is leading to a "digital transformation". This digitalisation of the economy, also known as the fourth industrial revolution as some experts have labelled it, is transforming business landscapes by redefining the boundaries of production, consumption, and distribution. New processes, products, and techniques have emerged to better address business or customer needs.
During 2020, Covid-19 devasted our lives and our economies. Gross domestic products (GDP) and energy consumption shrank by 4%, dwarfing the impact of previous crises, as in order to find similar effects we need to go back to World War II.
Different experts expressed different views on the patterns of economic recovery and associated energy demand when, at the end of the pandemic, the world would “go back to normal”.