2020 has been an exceptional year on many fronts, including international shipping routes. Following a first semester of deadlock, China has dominated global exchanges in the second half of 2020. Hence, the lockdowns in several European countries during this period has increased foreign demand for Chinese goods, including electronic devices and house appliances.
Shipping is the most environmentally friendly form of freight transportation. Even so, its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions amount to 2.5 percent of global emissions. Yet shipping-engine and fuel technologies have not seen major innovation since the shift from steam power to the combustion engine more than 60 years ago.
Ports have always been the backbone of the development of coastal nations. Since ancient times, port economies have allowed countries to encounter new cultures, expand trade, acquire new resources and manufactured goods and improve the overall efficiency of their productive systems. And, above all, ports and maritime transport inaugurated global trade and the creation of international value chains.
The torching of Chinese-financed factories in an industrial township of Yangon, on 14 March, signaled the first outburst of violence, linked to the current anti-coup demonstrations, directly targeting Chinese economic interests in the country.
During his presidential campaign, Joe Biden heralded climate change as one of his four priorities along with fighting the Coronavirus, economic recovery, and racial equality. For the first time, climate change featured as a key priority in a Presidential race.
In the first few weeks of his mandate, Biden proved he intended to stick to his commitments since, hours after his inauguration, he re-entered the United States in the Paris Agreement, which was abandoned by Donald Trump in 2017.
Ten years after the 2011 uprising and six years since the civil war outbreak in 2015, Yemen’s main, “old” political parties, the General People’s Congress (GPC) and Islah, are coping with a fragmented and deeply transformed country. On identity and alliance-making, Yemen’s political structure is traditionally marked by fluidity and pragmatism.
The Houthi Movement, known officially as Ansar Allah, is a Zaydi revivalist movement that takes its name from its eponymous founder, Hussein al-Houthi. Leadership of the movement remains in the hands of the al-Houthi family and especially Abd al-Malik al-Houthi.
The 2011 Yemeni uprising opened up new political spaces of contention against the existing structures of power.
The past decade has witnessed the gradual destruction of Yemen’s pre-war power structures and the rise of new political forces. Perhaps no faction, not even the Huthis who control much of the northern highlands, better exemplifies these new networks than the pro-independence Southern Transitional Council (STC).
Italy’s new Prime Minister Draghi has made it clear that his government will be reformist and pro-European. In his remarks to Parliament when seeking a vote of confidence he laid out his government’s intention to focus on the structural issues that have dogged Italy’s economy over the last two decades.