Leonid Nersisyan currently is Head of Defence Studies Department at Armenian Research & Development Institute (ARDI), military analyst at REGNUM Information Agency, and Editor of New Defense Order Strategy magazine (Moscow). Regular author of analytical articles on topics related to Russian military weapons, domestic and international military-technical cooperation, armed conflicts, modern military equipment, nuclear and strategic weapons, the military-political situation in South Caucasus and detailed analytics about Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
During his state visit to Russia in June 2019, Chinese leader Xi Jinping together with president Vladimir Putin oversaw several signings of investment cooperation agreements between Chinese and Russian companies. These documents promised over a billion dollars worth of Chinese foreign direct investments (FDI) in Russia in the years to come.
The digital economy is massive and still growing.
With the advent of the internet, “the screen onto which people project their lives is no longer and not only their pc screen; it has enormously expanded and tends to coincide with the entire network space”, the problem is that the rules governing cyberspace’s structure and content in general, and so-called big data in particular, are increasingly clashing with the principles set out in international human rights law.
The rapid development of the internet has greatly affected the functioning of the economy and digital technologies such as Big Data, Artificial Intelligence and the Internet of Things (IoT) will continue to shape the transformation of European industries. In that context, online platforms – covering a wide range of activities such as search engines, social media, e-commerce and sharing economy portals – play a prominent role as they are the most accessed websites.
The military defeats of Islamic State’s (IS) fighters in Iraq and Syria led many to believe that the threat represented by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi’s organization was on the verge of extinction. The video-message by the “Caliph” in April 2019, however, denied the persistent rumors that circulated about his death and proved above all his growing attention to sub-Saharan Africa.
Because of its role as an important driver of both economic and productivity growth, development and maintenance of infrastructure network are usually a major concern to political agenda. Nevertheless, there is a widespread agreement that the current investment trend may not be sufficient to meet a constantly growing demand for infrastructures, driven by the rapid development among emerging markets. Estimates by Oxford Economics point to a structural gap that, from its 2016 level of USD 372 bln, will face an yearly average growth of 3.2% until 2040.
Smart infrastructures require governance, specifically governance of intelligence and intelligence-enabled control. For example, in some very important respects, smart infrastructures should be dumb and that will take governance. One way to quickly see the point is by way of analogy to the Internet and the decades-long and still ongoing debate about network neutrality. The end-to-end architecture of the Internet and open Internet regulation govern certain uses of intelligence and thus intelligence-enabled control by infrastructure owners.
Over the years the internet has been celebrated for sharing information, disseminating knowledge, promoting freedom and debate, thus contributing to the enthusiastic rethoric of the so-called collective intelligence, a new form of intelligence that emerges from the collaboration and collective efforts of single individuals (Lévy and Bononno, 1997).
With only few days left ahead of the European Union parliamentary elections, the fear of foreign actors trying to influence the democratic voting process has spread rapidly across the continent. On a daily basis, news headlines point fingers at those “bad actors” allegedly responsible for the downfall of the West and at the role that social media plays in the process.