Matteo Pugliese is an ISPI Associate Research Fellow at the Centre on Radicalization and International Terrorism. He is a PhD candidate at the University of Barcelona in the Law and Political Science doctoral program, studying the role of prison intelligence in the prevention of terrorism and organized crime in Europe. His research interests include counter terrorism policy, jihadism, radicalization dynamics, prisons, intelligence, far-right extremism, NATO, hybrid threats and law enforcement.
Bruce McClintock is the lead of the RAND Corporation Space Enterprise Initiative, a virtual center that provides a focal point for all RAND space-related research for the U.S. government and its allies.
Luigi Martino (PhD) teaches Cyber Security and ICT Policies at the School of Political Science “Cesare Alfieri” at the University of Florence and he is the coordinator of the Center for Cyber Security and International Relations Studies (CCSIRS) a specialized observatory of the CSSII. He obtained the PhD at the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna in Pisa with a research project focused on the protection of critical infrastructures from cyber attacks in Italy through a public-private partnership model.
Abstract. For some years, various countries have been engaged in a race for the militarization of 'outer space' and the creation of new space forces. This race is having consequences on technology, war strategy, and international relations.
Research questions. What are the programs and resources allocated to the new Space Forces? What new technologies will future wars be fought with? What new risks are being created? Is it possible to slow down the new space race and transform this effort into economic and social opportunities?
We are approaching an energy inflection point in the global economy: plentiful oil supply, a demand plateau by 2030, and more competitive renewable-energy options, even as investors and consumers grow leerier of carbon-intensive products. Oil producers’ future in the Gulf is still one in which oil revenues fail to meet growth goals of governments, with a knock-on effect on job expectations for citizens.
There is no shortage in economic literature on the importance of economic diversification for healthy, resilient, and sustainable growth, and numerous real case studies support such recommendation. Put simply, a country that puts ‘its eggs in one basket’ is at the mercy of exogenous factors that go beyond any government control, thereby undermining ‘prospects for longer-term economic growth’, as put by the World Bank.
By December 31, 2021, the United States will have completed its second formal withdrawal from Iraq in a decade. Just three years after the last American withdrawal, the Iraqi state was in peril, with a third of the country fallen to the Islamic State and Baghdad and Erbil under direct threat. The result was the return of U.S. combat operations in Iraq in 2014, and thus a second occasion to withdraw today.
The magnitude of the crisis facing Iraq cannot be understated: a youth bulge, sagging growth rates, and economic pressure have combined with the pre-eminence of militia groups and their systematic atrocities, and a rise in geopolitical tensions. Iraq faces a potential moment of reckoning following its make-or-break parliamentary elections this month; the low voter turnout, estimated at 41 percent (at the time of writing), reflects a trend that has seen turnout shrink with each passing election. The Iraqi state faces an unprecedented crisis of legitimacy.
All Western Balkan countries have, at least officially, committed to joining the European Union and promised to fight organized crime head-on, as one of the priority areas during their accession talks. The European Commission’s Country Reports have repeated ad nauseam that the key focus should be on having a track record in prosecuting organized crime with final convictions.