The COVID-19 pandemic showcases the need for a fundamental systemic change in migration management. In this framework, working together is the only viable scheme to accomplish an effective and sustainable response to the international migration phenomenon.
On the 13th of October, the last of the four official meetings among Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors took place within the framework of the Italian G20 Presidency. This was also the last of the numerous ministerial encounters that have filled this year’s busy schedule. The outcome will be conveyed at the final Summit in Rome, scheduled for the 30th and 31st of October, which, however, will first be preceded by a joint meeting between Finance and Health Ministers.
The first two decades of the 21st century have shown humankind’s need for a paradigm shift. Evidence for our societies’ most pressing issues, such as global inequality and climate change, have been on leaders’ tables for a long time.
With the impact of climate change on Arctic sea ice, several comments have been published to the effect that diminishing sea ice would quickly translate into the development of massive transit routes across the Northwest Passage (NWP) and the Northern Sea Route (NSR).
On March 23, 2021 the 20,000 TEU vessel Ever Given ran aground and wedged itself across the Suez Canal, all traffic through one of the world’s most critical waterways came to a halt. A highly reported race to free the stuck ship began almost immediately as did the recriminations to the cause of the stranding.
Abstract. For some years, various countries have been engaged in a race for the militarization of 'outer space' and the creation of new space forces. This race is having consequences on technology, war strategy, and international relations.
Research questions. What are the programs and resources allocated to the new Space Forces? What new technologies will future wars be fought with? What new risks are being created? Is it possible to slow down the new space race and transform this effort into economic and social opportunities?
We are approaching an energy inflection point in the global economy: plentiful oil supply, a demand plateau by 2030, and more competitive renewable-energy options, even as investors and consumers grow leerier of carbon-intensive products. Oil producers’ future in the Gulf is still one in which oil revenues fail to meet growth goals of governments, with a knock-on effect on job expectations for citizens.
There is no shortage in economic literature on the importance of economic diversification for healthy, resilient, and sustainable growth, and numerous real case studies support such recommendation. Put simply, a country that puts ‘its eggs in one basket’ is at the mercy of exogenous factors that go beyond any government control, thereby undermining ‘prospects for longer-term economic growth’, as put by the World Bank.
By December 31, 2021, the United States will have completed its second formal withdrawal from Iraq in a decade. Just three years after the last American withdrawal, the Iraqi state was in peril, with a third of the country fallen to the Islamic State and Baghdad and Erbil under direct threat. The result was the return of U.S. combat operations in Iraq in 2014, and thus a second occasion to withdraw today.
The magnitude of the crisis facing Iraq cannot be understated: a youth bulge, sagging growth rates, and economic pressure have combined with the pre-eminence of militia groups and their systematic atrocities, and a rise in geopolitical tensions. Iraq faces a potential moment of reckoning following its make-or-break parliamentary elections this month; the low voter turnout, estimated at 41 percent (at the time of writing), reflects a trend that has seen turnout shrink with each passing election. The Iraqi state faces an unprecedented crisis of legitimacy.