In the Arab capitals of the Gulf, ruling classes are quietly emerging beside rulers, boosted by economic diversification. Power and politics continue, traditionally, to be centralized and personalized. “Dynasticism”, driven by oil revenues, still represents the core of politics in the Gulf. In other words, it’s always a (royal) family affaire with a trend of power concentration in the hands of a single branch of royal families.
Muslims represent the second largest religious group in Russia. Although divided into separate ethnic groups, based in different regions of the country, and holding different theological views, this group represents a demographic force to be reckoned with in the country. How have Russia’s Muslims reacted to Moscow’s controversial military intervention in Syria? What might their reaction tell us about Russia’s Muslims’ attitude vis-à-vis the war in Ukraine?
La Colombia verso il ballottaggio tra Petro e Hernandez: due candidati di rottura per un paese che ha voglia di cambiamento.
Environmental consequences have never been the top priority during wars. Crucially, however, a war’s impact on the environment can significantly increase the number of people affected by hostilities. On February 24th, Russian forces launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine, after having already occupied Crimea and the Donbas region in 2014.
Widespread international assertions levied on India have accused it of being somewhat soft in condemning the Russian attack on Ukraine. Staying true to its own policies of non-alignment and national interest needs, New Delhi has maintained a cautious stance on expressing any public statement that will severely question the Russian military attack on Ukraine. Amidst such strategic silence by Delhi, the question remains as to why India is reserved in condemning outrightly Moscow’s military adventurism on Ukraine.
Russia’s full-scale military invasion of Ukraine on February 24th called for a reaction, both declarative and factual, from world leaders. China has long manoeuvred itself between not antagonising the West whilst also not officially supporting Russia. This approach results from several diplomatic, business, and strategic considerations, including the potential effect on Asian security and stability.
Since the outbreak of the Ukraine crisis in 2014, the conflict in the eastern part of the country has not stopped, leading to the deterioration of Russia’s relations with both Ukraine and the West. The situation took a sharp turn for the worse in February 2022, with nearly 2,000 ceasefire violations in the Donbas region on the 19th alone. On the 24th, Russia announced a “special military operation”, and the Russian-Ukrainian conflict suddenly broke out, shocking the world.
Following other publications from this Dossier, this commentary examines the Russo-Ukrainian war by pondering the implications for Asia’s balance of power and multilateral institutions. Despite the geographical distance from the violence, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has rekindled anti-colonial sentiments around Asia.
On March 2nd 2022, the United Nations General Assembly voted for a resolution demanding Russia immediately end its military operations in Ukraine, giving the impression that Moscow was isolated: only four countries — together with Moscow — voted against (Belarus, North Korea, Eritrea, and Syria). Nonetheless, this initial impression had to be nuanced a month later.
Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has shaken the foundations of the global order, and the extent and outcome of the conflict are not yet clear. What is clear is that basic principles underpinning almost seventy years without major power conflict are at stake. If a significant power’s attempt at territorial aggression against a sovereign neighbour – no matter the complicated history – is successful, we will have reverted to a less peaceful era.