Cybernetic environment has become the nervous system of the highly-informatised countries, since it links together the politico-strategic, military, economic, commercial, industrial, infrastructure and social dimensions.
In this ever-changing context, security issues affect individuals, institutions and private actors. A national security strategy requires common targets, the distinction of functions and actors, the creation of processes able to face threats and challenges stemming from this environment.
In November 2020, the Ethiopian federal government launched a military operation in the northern region of Tigray. Hostilities between the federal army and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) forces continued in the following months. Furthermore, the involvement of ethnic-based militias as well as Eritrean armed forces have contributed to further escalate the conflict, causing a humanitarian crisis. What role did external actors play so far? How can the international community help solve the Tigray crisis? How will the conflict impact Ethiopia’s future prospects?
Yemen’s latest escalation is deteriorating the situation on the ground and putting a strain on the “renewed international momentum” recently announced by the UN special envoy for Yemen, Martin Griffiths. Over the last weeks, the Houthis launched an offensive to seize the strategic town of Marib, while, on the external front, several Saudi oil and military facilities were targeted. Besides Riyadh’s prompt response, the current escalation risks undermine Biden’s diplomatic efforts to end the conflict in the country.
Overcoming the Hungarian and Polish vetoes is key to (at least partially) unblocking the EU budget: a pot of 1.8 billion euros, including the Next Generation EU package. These funds are an essential lifeline to European economies, after an estimated 7.4% drop in GDP this year.
What other steps are necessary to unlock the Recovery Fund for good? Will Europe be able to achieve this long-sought goal? When will the money be spent, and what for? Will we see a stronger and closer European Union emerge from the pandemic?