Over the last twenty years, the European Union (EU) has developed strong credentials in tackling climate and sustainable development-related issues, having actively contributed to the achievement of milestone international agreements and been the frontrunner in the design and implementation of climate and environmental policies at large.
The energy transition is crucial in light of the goal for a net-zero transition to deliver the Paris Agreement goals. It implies a massive effort to convert our energy system from fossil fuels to clean energy. To meet this challenge, the EU designed its Green Deal package, consisting of an investment plan, a circular economy action plan, and a revised EU Emissions Trading System. The key to this plan's success is ensuring that European public and private sectors together finance the green transition.
Today, Europe finds itself in the midst of a perfect storm. From its onset, the war in Ukraine laid bare the structural weaknesses of the European energy market, and although the conflict served to highlight these problems, they had long existed in the EU’s energy scenario. The energy trilemma revolves around three main pivots: energy price, energy security, and sustainability. The core priority around which European energy policy has been based over the last twenty years has been ensuring energy supplies, particularly gas, at as low a price as possible.
Today Europe is responsible for roughly 8% of global GHG emissions. An amount set to decrease even more in the coming decades, as the continent’s demographic and economic weight is projected to shrink. Hence, it appears immediately clear that the current ‘climate emergency’ will not be won in Europe, nor actually in the West at large, but in ‘new economies’: China, India, South-East Asia and ever more in Africa.
Russia’s attack on Ukraine has sent shockwaves across Europe and the world. While the current war is a geopolitical turning point, it remains unclear whether it will trigger a quantum leap forward for European defence policies and for the role of the European Union as a security provider.
Armed groups play a central role in Libya and Yemen. Pervading weak and contested institutions, they have gradually brought their survival, profit and governance strategies under the state umbrella: warlords have become the new lords of the state.
In response to the Intellectual Property waiver proposal submitted to the WTO TRIPS Council by India and South Africa in October 2020 (revised in May 2021), the Ministerial Decision on the TRIPS Agreement, adopted at the 12th WTO Ministeri
Digital trade is an essential and growing element of global commerce, but its growth is threatened by nationalist data protectionism. Overcoming this problem requires coordinated global policies that balance the gains from efficiency with the needs for protecting data privacy.
Le filiere produttive sono interessate da processi di accorciamento e regionalizzazione. Anche i grandi flussi di capitali stanno cominciando a muoversi in tal senso.
Unlike with violent upheavals and wars that have recently shaken the broader Middle East and North African region, in Mali, the West—specifically Europe led by France—decided to mitigate the crisis through a long-term military engagement, though not as extensive as in Afghanistan or Iraq. European intervention in the Sahel became sort of the laboratory for a joint EU military culture before Russians contributed to the erosion of this exercise.