Dr. Tim Wittig is a Senior Research Fellow at Globalisation Studies Groningen (GSG). He is also director of the Center for Security and Sustainability and Adjunct Professor at George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies.
Leonardo A. Villalón is Professor of African Politics and Dean of the International Center at the University of Florida. The argument in this commentary is based in part on his recent book, co-edited with Rahmane Idrissa: Democratic Struggle, Institutional Reform and State Resilience in the African Sahel. Lexington Books, Rowman and Littlefield. 2020.
Brendan Vickers is Senior Associate Research Fellow at ISPI for the Africa Programme. He holds a PhD in Politics from the University of London. He currently works as Economic Adviser in the Trade, Oceans and Natural Resources Directorate at the Commonwealth Secretariat in London.
Roberto Valladares is a senior consultant at Lantia, a security consultancy based in Mexico City. His articles can be found on Al Jazeera and Nexos. His current research focuses on recruitment by criminal organisations. Roberto holds a Master in Public Policy from the University of Chicago, and a bachelor in Public Policy from Colegio de México.
Principal Research Fellow, Institute for African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences and Research Fellow, CEMIS, Faculty of Military Science, Stellenbosch University. Professor (part-time), Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia.