The reactions to the project of Eurasian Union, which was announced by Vladimir Putin after declaring his candidacy to the last presidential elections, have been mainly negative. Some observers have charged him of neo-imperialism, others have expressed their open skepticism about the effectiveness of this proposal. Anyway, the project of a new political integration in the post-Soviet space should be seriously considered, mainly because it could offer a strategic - not only ideological - way of exploiting the paramount opportunities offered to Russia by the dramatic rise of the Far East.
Sono trascorsi ormai più di vent’anni dalla fine della guerra fredda e della politica dei blocchi, che aveva fatto sperare in un mutamento della società internazionale caratterizzato da una maggiore propensione alla cooperazione internazionale in un clima di rinnovata fiducia reciproca degli Stati. In realtà sembra che si sia verificato esattamente l’opposto. La fase di aggregazione internazionale seguita alla seconda guerra mondiale, sia pure in due blocchi contrapposti ispirati a concezioni diverse dello Stato e dell’economia, è entrata rapidamente in crisi.
US-China relations will remain on their current track after the US presidential election and Chinese leadership transition. Both countries are too heavily invested in the bilateral relationship and understand the dangerous consequences if it goes off the rails. Still, while institutional pressures and national interests will press for continuity, there is always a chance that miscalculation or deliberate provocation will push the two countries toward conflict.
While the international press did not cover China’s foreign and security policies as priority issues on the agenda of Beijing’s new leadership, China’s incoming leadership under President Xi Jinping is nonetheless charged with the challenge to explain and formulate how Xi and his entourage are planning to deal with the country’s allies and rivals in and beyond the region.
The forms of international intervention have deeply changed since the end of the Cold War. They have assumed a democratic character: recent cases of intervention are mainly carried out by democracies and are justified by democratic principles as the protection of human rights or the promotion of human dignity. Moreover, they are aimed at the democratization of the target-country. This unprecedented democratic attitude has given birth to a new kind of relationship between international intervention and democratization - which in the past was understood only as a domestic political process...
I disordini scoppiati per la pubblicazione su YouTube di un video blasfemo sul Profeta Maometto hanno riportato a galla con forza gli ostacoli rappresentati dalla deriva fondamentalista islamica, se sottovalutata, per lo sviluppo democratico e la modernizzazione del Nord Africa. Ma ci hanno anche mostrato come i movimenti islamici in questa regione siano divisi, e persino in lotta tra di loro.
The evolution of the post-Cold War Italian defence poly has been significant. Free from bipolar constraints, the Italian armed forces have continuously been engaged in military operations abroad, providing a relevant contribution to the international security. However, after two decades, budget cuts and new strategic challenges are pushing for a further transformation of the force structure.
At last, the current national political debate is focusing on new controversial proposals for defence reform.
Se Romney corteggia Israele per conquistare il Gop
While nobody says so openly in Beijing, Chinese policymakers and Central Asian scholars are confident that Beijing will replace Russia as the region’s most influential and powerful actor, albeit ‘non-aggressively’. Beijing is already the largest trading partner of many countries in the region and its investments into Central Asian energy infrastructure are too massive not to translate into political dominance and hegemony rather sooner than later.
In the first fifteen years following the USSR dissolution, the process of hegemonic transition in post-Soviet Central Asia was defined by a deep dichotomy between opening efforts to cooperation with the West and Russia’s constant interference in the economic, strategic and cultural affairs of the region.
In this context, the People’s Republic of China progressive penetration in Central Asia, which originated in the mid-2000s, has radically changed the dynamics of regional cooperation.