Major technological transformations such as artificial intelligence, big data, FinTech, the Internet of Things and Industry 4.0 are putting the global economy on a new track. These innovations will bring immense economic opportunities as well as dramatic changes in industries, employment and required skills that will create major challenges for individuals, businesses and governments.
Because of its role as an important driver of both economic and productivity growth, development and maintenance of infrastructure network are usually a major concern to political agenda. Nevertheless, there is a widespread agreement that the current investment trend may not be sufficient to meet a constantly growing demand for infrastructures, driven by the rapid development among emerging markets. Estimates by Oxford Economics point to a structural gap that, from its 2016 level of USD 372 bln, will face an yearly average growth of 3.2% until 2040.
Over the years the internet has been celebrated for sharing information, disseminating knowledge, promoting freedom and debate, thus contributing to the enthusiastic rethoric of the so-called collective intelligence, a new form of intelligence that emerges from the collaboration and collective efforts of single individuals (Lévy and Bononno, 1997).
With only few days left ahead of the European Union parliamentary elections, the fear of foreign actors trying to influence the democratic voting process has spread rapidly across the continent. On a daily basis, news headlines point fingers at those “bad actors” allegedly responsible for the downfall of the West and at the role that social media plays in the process.
Architecture and urbanism are definitely taking the centre stage in Saudi Arabia’s effort to increase its international outreach and visibility, as exemplified by the Kingdom’s decision to participate, for the first time, to the 2018 Venice Biennale of Architecture.
With approval by the European Parliament, which took place last March 12 with 586 votes in favor, 44 against and 36 abstentions, the long legislative process of the so-called Cybersecurity Act, which began in September 2017, has come to its end. The Act entered into force on the 27 of June 2019 and, being a Regulation, it is effective for all member states.
The United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) recently launched its Cyber Policy Portal – an accessible and up-to-date overview of the cyber policies of all UN Member States and a select number of intergovernmental organizations.
The Importance of Transparency to Cyber Stability
Elections, when free and fair, are regular and legitimate occasions to vie for power in a democratic country. In order to compete and to be elected, political competitors, usually organized into parties or movements, must follow the democratic principles that rule electoral competitions.
How often do Africans choose their national leaders through elections? And how frequently does the opposition win? In which countries has the military found ways of gaining political office through coups d'état, today as in the past? Be they civilian or military, elected or not, how long do leaders remain in power on the continent? Who is the current record-holder for longevity in government in a region that has accustomed us to the “eternal” Gaddafi, Mobutu, or Mugabe?
The "Indo-Pacific" is a strategic construct that arose at a time of a potential transition in the Asian security order.