According to the Razumkov Centre, Viktor Yanukovich lead in the polls last conducted in March 2009 that asked Ukrainians how they would vote in the next presidential election. The support for Yanukovych and his Party of Regions (PoR) may be surprising, given the memories of the Orange Revolution when thousands of people went to protest about the fraudulent election for which Yanukovych and his team were blamed. The election resulted in the victory of Viktor Yushchenko and his “Orange” allies.
Recent social protests in Russia, starting from Vladivostok in late 2008 culminating with Kaliningrad in early 2010 and others, have raised the question of the Putin-Medvedev regime’s ability to maintain social stability. Although protests so far have not been tremendously massive and organized, it looks like citizens’ patience has run out.
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev finally unveiled a muchvaunted draft European security treaty which he said will help the world «finally get rid of the legacy of the Cold War». Besides affirming the principle of non-divisibility of security, committing signatory countries to Nato like security pledges in case of an attack on one of its members, the draft is still obscure as decision-making processes, relations with other existing organizations, threats and menaces’ nature.
The post-revolution political regime in Georgia from the very outset was a kind of mixture of democratic and authoritarian elements. After the Russian aggression and under the global financial crises Georgia is in a more complicated situation. For better understanding the main difficulties and challenges of Georgia it would be useful to analyze all key tendencies and developments that took place in Georgia after the Rose Revolution, and after Russian-Georgian war.
The disintegration of the Soviet Union was a watershed for the twentieth century’s history in general and for the role of Turkey in the newly born Eurasian region in particular. Largely thanks to western backing in general and the United States in particular, Turkey began to change its foreign policy and to put some of the Kemalist dogmas into question.
The European Union’s Eastern Partnership emerged in a changed environment where the EU faced the necessity to upgrade its relations with the neighbouring countries and channel its interactions with them in a more effective and responsive manner. Launching of this initiative demonstrates that notwithstanding the “enlargement fatigue” and the EU’s cautious stance toward raising any membership exectations among the aspiring nations, the EU considers it necessary to restructure its relationships with the neighbours in the way that brings them politically and economically closer.
The reduction of strategic nuclear weapons will be one of the core issues at the US-Russia Summit between Presidents Medvedev and Obama that will take place in Moscow from 6 to 8 July. The Moscow meeting will take place after a decade which has seen no significant progress in the field of multilateral and bilateral nuclear arms control.
Recently US-Russian relations are strained again after a period of relative relaxation following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the subsequent deep Russian economic crisis. Today, Russia adopts an assertive attitude in defending its interests and trying to re-gain its previous international role. This approach is also assumed in relation to current US plans to install elements of its national missile defense program in Central Europe, which Moscow perceives as a threat to its security.
Kuchma's 2004 costitutional reforms actually prevented any meaningful reform and left the oligarchs in their place. On his part Yushchenko, victim of his own desire to find a compromise with the old power, vetoed a second round of privatizations, which would have limited the oligarchs, causing a fierce contrast with Tymoshenko and her dismissal.
After his election, Yanukovych made approve an uncostitutional modification of the parliamentary regulations, strengthening his role to the detriment of other institutions.
Unlike Abkhazia and South Ossetia, in Nagorno-Karabakh the conflict opposing Armenians and Azerbaijanis is still frozen since the ceasefire of 1994. In December 2007 the mediating efforts of the United States, France, and Russia (the co-chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group) produced the so-called Madrid Principles, based on the return to Azerbaijan of most of the territories under Armenian control, security guarantees for the Nagorno-Karabakh and a referendum to determine the final status of the area.