Italian government, as other European countries, was surprised by the first upheavals of Arab Spring. Italy and Libya have enjoyed a privileged relationship for the last forty years. After the decision of military intervention, preoccupied by the risk of geopolitical marginalization, Italy gradually started to adopt a bandwagoning policy. Libya’s present difficult transition maybe provides a new opportunity for Europe to be a key players in the country. Italy would profit from greater involvement in the stabilization of the country.
The AU’s response to popular upris-ings in North Africa during 2011 – and to the NATO-led intervention in Libya in particular – differs from the organisation’s record of rejecting unconstitutional changes of government in the past ten years.