Among the many dynamics defining the crises scenarios in West Africa and the Sahel, food insecurity adds weaknesses to an already fragile humanitarian environment. According to WFP estimates, 12.3 million people found themselves in crisis or emergency conditions during the 2019 peak, from June to August, outlining a deteriorating situation since 2018, when 11.2 million people required food assistance.
Security in Burkina Faso has steadily deteriorated since 2015. Seeking to address the spiraling violence, the Burkinabé government enacted a state of emergency in nearly one third of all provinces in the country by the end of 2018. Yet, so far, 2019 in Burkina Faso is on track to be the most violent and deadliest year on record, according to the Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED).
It will be the first presidential election of Burkina Faso without the name of Blaise Compaoré in the candidates' list. In the fifth consecutive election since multiparty politics was introduced, it is a success for the country, since it managed to avoid a permanent "elected" President: a common risk for African presidential systems.
The recent United Nations Sustainable Development Summit 2015 marked the beginning of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) era. As part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, 17 goals have been released; they replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Agenda that has come to an end after 15 years. Where the focus of the MDGs was on eradicating poverty, the SDGs shed light on the need for an inclusive, long-term, and sustainable development process.