Everything is ready for the seventieth anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China. According to the worldwide media, on October 1 the Chinese government will surprise the world by showing new military devices during the parade. New missiles, tanks, and army sections are supposed to be carried through Chang An Avenue, the main street cutting through Tiananmen Square.
As a whole, Southeast Asia has had one of the longest historical relationships with China. However, modern relations between China and Southeast Asia only began after the Second World War.
Seventy years after the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the country is a leading global power. Its growing international presence is now inspiring opposing sentiments from countries around the world. Although seven decades have passed, China today still relies on the re-elaboration of the ideological and political principles of its past. Understanding these principles is key to increase our awareness of the role ideology played in shaping the country’s domestic and foreign policy choices. Where is China’s domestic arena headed?
Since the fall of the Soviet Union, if not from the birth of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) itself, relations with United States have proven to be a central factor in China’s strategic calculus and a major driver of Chinese foreign policy. Indeed, America’s ability to weigh on all spheres of China’s national security – from domestic to regional and global – poses fundamental challenges for Beijing.
The post-Cold War relationship with Russia should meet Beijing’s expectations. Fifteen years ago, Russia opted for a compromise and both states solved their long-standing border disputes. Today, faced with China’s rise to the status of a superpower, the Kremlin has chosen to embrace and accommodate its neighbour rather than to counterbalance it. Tensions in Russia’s relations with the West as well as numerous sanctions have made Moscow even more dependent on Beijing. Energy resources and arms provided by Russia have helped to fuel China’s growth.
President Xi Jinping’s political and multi-faceted manifesto of the Chinese Dream (zhonguo meng) is considered the hallmark of his administration. Although it may ring a bell of comparison with the previous American Dream, Xi’s slogan has all the characteristics of a national phenomenon deeply steeped in China’s political ideology and traditional culture. The key aspect of the Chinese Dream is the unquestioned centrality of and guiding role played by the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Seventy years after the founding of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), the legacy of great Communist leaders such as Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping remains the “gravity pole” of China’s policymaking efforts, as it guarantees high levels of consistency between the country’s ideology and the dramatic pace of its modernization.
Celebrating both the 44th anniversary of their diplomatic ties and the 16th anniversary of their strategic partnership in 2019, EU-China relations are among the most significant in the global arena. From an economic perspective, the EU and China are the largest exporters in the world, with the two blocs accounting for around 30 percent of global trade.
It was on 20 November 1984 that China dispatched its first Antarctic research expedition team, and by the end of this expedition, the country established its first Antarctic research station, the Great Wall Station on 20 February 1985.