Policy areas: Impact and potential of digital transformation on healthcare services and systems A digital-led global recovery from COVID-19 Digital education/training to bridge the urban-rural divide, gender and age gap Impact of new digital technologies and AI on employment and workplaces Cyber security risks, threats, and data privacy Global governance framework for data flows and AI Aims and tools of competition policy in the digital economy
This Policy Brief proposes recommendations to promote greater understanding and consensus around policies that will foster data free flows with trust (DFFT) across borders. It takes up the mandate agreed under the G20 Japanese Presidency in 2019 as set out in the G20 Osaka Leaders Declaration. The Policy Brief recognizes the multi-dimensional nature of the issues and actors involved when discussing DFFT. Suggested actions are aimed at generating greater trust around data flows on the part of individuals and governments.
We identify an important feature of current digital governance systems: “third-party funded digital barter” between digital consumers and third-party funders. The interests of the third-party funders are not well-aligned with the interests of the digital consumers. This fundamental flaw of current digital governance systems is responsible for an array of serious problems, including inequities, inefficiencies, manipulation of digital consumers, as well as dangers to social cohesion and democracy.
Enhancing Food Supply Chain Resilience Through the Utilisation Of Digital and Sequence Information Technologies
Digitally enabled food value chains and plant breeding programmes can improve resilience to agricultural productivity fluctuations and food insecurity. Digital innovations and economic values unlocked by online genetic data or digital sequence information (DSI) and other digital technologies must maximise positive social and environmental impacts and avoid exasperating global supply chain risks.
AI is increasingly being used to support and improve human decision-making. This technology holds the promise of delivering valuable insights and knowledge across a multitude of applications. However, the broad adoption and positive impact of AI systems will rely heavily on the ability to trust the whole AI ecosystem, insofar as it is capable of promoting the autonomy of human beings while recognising and respecting their fundamental vulnerability.
Digital Inclusion Strategies for The G20 - Lessons in Public-Private Cooperation from India and Africa
Public digital infrastructure, including hard and soft variants, encourages competition, innovation and inclusion. Through the India Stack and Modular Open Source Identity Platform (MOSIP), the Indian experience offers developing countries a path to leapfrog the development phase for digital platforms. Open-source systems offer countries an opportunity to establish low-cost public identity, financial and data exchange systems. The G20’s support of such platforms will accelerate adoption, allowing developing countries to advance digital usage. Funding is key to implementation.
This policy brief examines approaches to reducing the impact of “fake news” on children, exploring elementary safeguarding measures and an educational focus to distinguish authentic from manipulative material. We focus on a two-layered approach. Our first proposal encourages social media platforms to sign up to a sharing and checking standard, involving enhanced sharing protocol and measures to encourage the production and dissemination of fact checks.
The COVID-19 pandemic has brought to the forefront the role of sharing quality data in a timely manner to inform crisis management, public health and research. Moreover, the value of data is enhanced when countries cooperate and facilitate cross-border data flows. Policymakers should harness the value of health data and engage in a global discussion that strives for common, cross-border and effective digital health solutions to improve health outcomes for all.
New technologies can help drive sustainable development, what can be called “SusTech” solutions. But how can these be supported by governments adopted by firms (especially in managing value chains) and encouraged by users?
Levelling the Data Playing Field - The G20 Ex Ante Regulatory Approach to Platforms with Strategic Market Status
This paper urges the G20 to implement a framework for defining online platforms that qualify as being of the utmost importance for the normal functioning of economies and have a great impact on societies. Such a framework would consist of a blacklist of practices declared undesirable, i.e. the prohibition of combining data from different sources, the prohibition of a dual role for platforms as a core service and a competitor, and the prohibition of self-preferencing. This analysis sees a clear case for accepting a common approach to gatekeeper regulation.
This Policy Brief provides proposals as to how different jurisdictions may implement the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, and the ILO Report on Decent Work in the context of platform work, within the constraints of their respective constitutional and legislative orders. The purpose is to provide guidance as to how states can use – or modify – their existing legal frameworks to ensure that the platform economy complies with the norms and standards set out in the relevant ILO documents.
In the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, digital platforms such as Google, Facebook, Twitter, Amazon, and Zoom have firmly entrenched themselves into the daily lives of many and provided core societal functions that have enabled people to work, shop, educate themselves and their children, run businesses, maintain social contact and to receive and disseminate information. At the same time, the pandemic has revealed the deep digital divide associated with these technologies, and also the many risks.