The June 24 elections in Turkey, unexpectedly announced just two months ago following a decision to bring them forward by a year and a half, promise to be mesmerizing. All elections held in Turkey are usually compelling anyway, since for the past fifteen years they have consisted of a struggle between the Justice and Development Party (AKP), its leader, the current President of the Republic Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, and the strategies fielded by opposition parties to oppose him.
Although 56 per cent of Turkish public opinion does not support Turkish foreign policy regarding Syria, due to the way Turkish government managed the human crisis (and spent its money), the population agrees on the necessity on persisting to solve this problematic situation. And thus does Europe. Following the Summit of EU leaders on October 15th, German Chancellor Angela Merkel took an emergency trip to Turkey, where she needed to recruit the Turkish side to stop the flood.
Turkey’s elections held on June 7th, which some observers argued to be the most important since the inception of democratic elections, resulted in political uncertainty. However, even that climate of uncertainty, with no actor able to form a government alone, was better than the escalating tensions that the country had experienced recently. The elections left the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) with 258 seats.
The economy has become one of the hotly debated topics in Turkey prior to the general elections on June 7. There is now a quasi-consensus that the upcoming election is one of the crucial turning points in the history of contemporary Turkish politics. The Justice and Development Party (AKP in the Turkish acronym), which has been ruling the country with single-party majority governments for about 13 years, aims to gain enough seats again to replace the current parliamentary system with a presidential one.
After a turbulent year both on the domestic and regional levels and on the eve of crucial parliamentary elections, it seems that Turkey’s ‘success story’ has waned. The Justice and Development Party (AKP), led by Recep Tayyip Erdogan, has been the main actor of this success story. The ‘AKP era’ has witnessed profound transformations in Turkey’s politics, society and economy.
Today Turkey is a more dynamic and developed country than it was at the beginning of the 2000s. At the regional level, it has been able to become one of the most influential players in the Middle East. The AKP can also take credit for bringing the country closer to the goal of European Union accession, starting negotiations at the end of 2005. However, this bright picture does not entirely fit the current situation.
The report aims at analysing the main features and changes Turkey witnessed in the ‘AKP era’ as well as the reasons for the reversing path it has been experiencing on both the domestic and regional levels in the last few years. The aim is to understand whether this means the conclusion of the successful cycle or a turning point towards a new, but uncertain, era.
Il dinamismo che la politica estera turca ha assunto nei confronti dell'Africa sub-sahariana è un fenomeno particolarmente interessante nello scenario delle relazioni internazionali negli ultimi anni.
The ongoing mass movement in Turkey is without precedent in the country’s history. The peaceful demonstrations that started during the last week of May have turned out to be a blow to the Erdogan’s government international reputation following the much-publicized police interventions and the on-going nature of the situation, which has shown no sign of easing for a long time.