In December 2017, at the end of a bilateral meeting, the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and his Sudanese counterpart Umar al-Bashir announced a deal to restore Suakin, a ruined Ottoman port town on Sudan’s Red Sea coast. The agreement also gave Turkey the right to build a naval dock to maintain civilian and military vessels. More than one year later there are doubts as to how much work Turkey will do beyond restoring the Ottoman town.
The regional implications behind the Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates (UAE)-led war against the Houthis in Yemen extend beyond the Gulf and have carried over into the Horn of Africa as well. In fact, while the military intervention in Yemen has resulted in a more concrete security partnership between the Gulf monarchies and their emerging Horn of Africa allies, this has also evolved into a burgeoning collaboration beyond narrow security interests.
With the independence of South Sudan on the 9th of July 2011, the Horn of Africa as a whole , besides the two Sudans, is facing an array of challenges. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement that lead to the independence of Juba from Khartoum leaves some of the most contentious issues behind the civil war still open, both in the relationship between the two Sudans and within (Northern) Sudan. The main issues concern the division of resources (oil and Nile waters), the state of the internal conflicts in Sudan, borders (including the Abyei region) and citizenship.
On 23rd of February, Britain is holding a much-awaited international Conference on Somalia. It would be the first time that a Western country hosts such effort in its soil.