Nelle ultime settimane, alla crisi di sicurezza nel Mali settentrionale e centrale si è aggiunta una grave crisi socio-politica, con proteste più o meno violente diffuse nella capitale del paese, Bamako.
Among the many dynamics defining the crises scenarios in West Africa and the Sahel, food insecurity adds weaknesses to an already fragile humanitarian environment. According to WFP estimates, 12.3 million people found themselves in crisis or emergency conditions during the 2019 peak, from June to August, outlining a deteriorating situation since 2018, when 11.2 million people required food assistance.
Two mass protests in June 2020 in Mali’s capital Bamako shook up the country’s politics, threw the government of President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta on the defensive, and precipitated international efforts to forestall what at least some of the protesters are calling for – Keïta’s resignation. A third mass demonstration may occur on 10 July.
During the most acute phase of the conflict that erupted in 2012, most of the international observers agreed on the fact that Mali was facing a two-faced and probably unprecedented crisis.
How would you evaluate the Italian involvement and presence in Africa? Are the Italian business interests influencing its presence in the continent?
To what extent has the French intervention weakened the African Union leadership on the Malian crisis?