Nel 2020, molte delle aspettative su come gli affari internazionali si sarebbero comportati nel nuovo anno sono state sconvolte da un “cigno nero” con cui in pochissimi avevano fatto i conti: una pandemia globale trasformatasi in una delle più grave crisi economiche della storia. Difficile, dunque, salutare il 2020 con previsioni e certezze: possibile, però, cercare un ordine tra i numerosi interrogativi che la pandemia ha aperto sul futuro del mondo. Il Dossier dell’ISPI sul “Mondo che verrà” ha provato a farlo scegliendone dieci.
Lo scorso novembre è ricorso il cinquantesimo anniversario dall’avvio delle relazioni diplomatiche tra Italia e Cina. Nel 1970 Roma scelse infatti di terminare i rapporti con la Repubblica di Cina - Taiwan - ed intraprendere relazioni formali con la Repubblica Popolare Cinese di Mao Zedong. E fu proprio la decisione italiana a fare da apripista ad altri paesi europei. Da allora, le relazioni tra Italia e Cina si sono sviluppate seguendo tre principali direttrici: commercio, cultura e mobilità internazionale.
The European Commission's draft for a new “Comprehensive strategy with Africa” published in March 2020 deems the continent a top priority for the EU. The document proposed a renewed Euro-African political alliance based on five pillars: green transition and access to energy; digital transformation; sustainable growth and employment; peace, security and governance; migration and mobility.
From smart cities to digital economy, from geo-localization to smart-mobility, from telecommunications to international security, the most prominent innovations of nowadays society are shaped and progressively rely on Space platforms and tools. Space is in fact one of the most promising markets globally: a magnet for private and public investments, estimated to reach a value of €500 billions in the next decade.
Under the presidency of Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, Egypt’s military presents old and new dynamics. Civil-military relations remain imbalanced: but paradoxically, the overwhelming role of the military, also as economic player, combines with the subtle narrowing of the military as cohesive entity. In fact, the rising competition among security, intelligence services and the military turns the security sector into the main Egyptian locus of politics.
World leaders (virtually) convened at the Saudi G20 summit in a time when the Covid-19 emergency has compounded longstanding global challenges for the multilateral system. From climate change to digital transformation, from global health to growth and social cohesion, these are testing times for multilateralism.
Europe has a long-standing tradition of urbanization and urban regeneration. Interventions in this domain range from social inclusion to the recovery of historical neighborhoods, from migrants’ integration to green energy and efficiency, from smart mobility to public-private partnerships and investments. The Covid-19 pandemic is forcing cities worldwide to re-shape their model and re-think their priorities if they want to “make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable” as spelled by the SDG no. 11.
After violent border clashes between Chinese and Indian troops resonated high and wide around the world last June, the second wave of the Covid-19 pandemic and the US presidential campaign diluted most non-China-related news spreading from Asia. Nonetheless, the situation on the Himalayan border and tensions between the two Asian powers are still far from resolved.
In a world hit and fragilized by the Covid-19 pandemic, innovative and sustainable solutions are necessary for a long-term recovery. The fundamental shift towards a new growth paradigm must give equal value to each of the three main dimensions of sustainable development: the economic, the social and the environmental one.