Africa is a fast-changing continent and an area of rising global relevance, where major transformation processes are currently underway, from demographic expansion to economic development, from social progress to environmental challenges, from technological innovation to continental integration, from political change to migratory pressures. How will these complex transformations shape the Africa of tomorrow?
The Arc of Crisis in the MENA Region volume deals with the countries of the Middle East and North Africa that are facing a particularly troubled period in their historical development. Syria, Iraq, Libya, Egypt and to a lesser extent Jordan and Tunisia have plunged into a legitimacy crisis that in some cases has turned into civil war or violent upheaval. As traditional authorities lose their legitimacy, two alternatives are emerging.
Se la mobilità umana è un diritto inalienabile di ciascun individuo, è pur vero che le persone non devono essere costrette a migrare: lavorare per lo sviluppo nei Paesi di origine, transito e interessati dalla migrazione sud-sud, in particolare dell’Africa, da cui proviene un’ampia parte del flusso migratorio, è quindi fondamentale, al fine di creare condizioni che incoraggino la sicurezza alimentare, lo sviluppo sostenibile e la resilienza, coinvolgendo la comunità, la società civile e il privato, e affrontando le complessità legate ai cambiamenti climatici.
In the past few years, the MENA region witnessed a rise in jihadist extremism and radicalization, as countries in the area were rocked by a series of deadly terrorist attacks. As authorities responded to the threat, it became clear that in order to effectively counter the phenomenon, traditional repressive measures had to now be accompanied by alternative methods of prevention, rehabilitation and dissuasion.
Negli ultimi anni migliaia di foreign fighters sono partiti da più di 100 paesi per unirsi a gruppi armati, specialmente di matrice jihadista, in Siria e Iraq e in altri teatri di guerra. Il fenomeno ha interessato anche l’Italia, anche se in misura assai più ridotta rispetto ad altri paesi europei: i foreign fighters d’Italia sono, infatti, circa 130. Quali sono le caratteristiche socio-demografiche di questi individui? Dove risiedevano? Facevano parte di network estremistici in Italia e in Europa? Quale ruolo hanno assunto nell’area del conflitto?
This year marks the 40th anniversary of China’s reforms and opening up. In four decades, China has learned how to grasp the benefits of globalisation and has become a world economic champion. As the world’s second-largest economy, today China is no longer the factory of the world but an industrial power aiming at the forefront of major hightech sectors, in direct competition with Europe and the US. In sharp contrast with Trump’s scepticism on multilateralism, President Xi has renewed his commitment to growing an open global economy.
Over the last few years, Turkey seems to have embraced the East again. Ankara’s closer relations with Eurasian countries go hand in hand with the international trend to move eastwards, towards the ever-growing and most dynamic region in the world. They are also the result of an increasing differentiation of Turkey’s foreign relations, driven by strategic, economic and energy interests. Stronger ties with the Eurasian countries, i.e.
Be it for the annexation of Crimea in 2014, the intervention in Syria or the alleged interference in the US presidential election, Russia has been increasingly under the spotlight over the last years. In 2018, the world’s eyes will be upon two events: the presidential elections taking place on March 18, and the World Cup, which will kick off in June. While the outcomes of the latter are still uncertain, President Vladimir Putin’s victory looks like a safe bet.
When Narendra Modi was elected Prime Minister of India in 2014, he promised to push through key reforms and bring about the massive economic development needed for the “world’s largest democracy” to win its place among global superpowers. With over 1.3 billion citizens, India is soon to become the world’s most populous country, and more than one quarter of the people joining global workforce during the next decade will be Indian. The poorest of the world’s 20 largest economies, India’s potential for catch-up growth is enormous.