The EU is struggling to cope with the so-called “migration crisis” that has emerged over the past few years. Designing the right policies to address immigration requires a deep understanding of its root causes. Why do Africans decide to leave their home countries? While the dream of a better life in Europe is likely part of the explanation, one also needs to examine the prevailing living conditions in the large and heterogeneous sub-Saharan region.
Recent political events – from Trump’s election to the outcome of the Brexit Referendum - have somehow caught the world by surprise, and are contributing to a growing sense of concern or even alarm about the future of the Western world and, particularly, Western democracies as we know them.
2017 is a crucial year for Iran. In January, while the "Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action" (JCPOA) entered the second year of implementation, in Washington the Trump Administration took office, with the promise to “renegotiate a disastrous deal”. In May, in Tehran, the incumbent president Hassan Rouhani won re-election by a wide margin.
Since 2011 the Libyan crisis has moved from being a domestic dispute to assuming increasing importance at the international level. Today it represents a crucial issue affecting global security. The intervention of external actors in the Libyan crisis was mainly driven by a desire to direct the transition towards outcomes that would best meet their own political and economic interests.
Accordingly, each external player tried to support one specific faction, favoring either the Parliament in Tobruk, upheld by Khalifa Haftar, or the Presidential Council headed by Fayez al-Serraj in Tripoli, the latter being legitimized by the UN as well as by local militias in both Misrata and Tripoli.
This report analyzes the troublesome re-building of Libya with a focus on the specific role played by international actors (neighboring and Gulf countries, European nations, Russia and the US) which make it more of an international rather than a domestic issue.
After 8 months of heavy fighting, it seems that Mosul is next to be liberated. However, this would not mark the complete defeat of IS in Iraq, nor would it signal the end of the crises affecting the country.
What will be the fate of the city and the other liberated territories? Could a victory over a common enemy re-ignite competition among Iraq’s various ethno-sectarian communities? And could this prompt further demands for autonomy by the Kurds, who played a central role in fighting IS? What are the interests and agendas of the main regional and international players for the future of the country?
To put all these questions into perspective, ISPI has just published the Report “After Mosul: Re-inventing Iraq,” edited by Andrea Plebani. The volume sketches out possible answers through a multi-pronged approach, bringing to light the complexity of the Iraqi scenario and the influence exerted by a broad array of actors.
Negli ultimi tre anni l’Europa e il Nord America sono state colpite da un’ondata senza precedenti di attacchi terroristici, eseguiti da individui ispirati dall’ideologia jihadista. Chi sono gli autori di questi attentati? Sono nati e cresciuti in Occidente o sono rifugiati e migranti? Come si sono radicalizzati? Erano ben istruiti e integrati o, al contrario, vivevano ai margini della società? Hanno agito da soli? Quali erano le loro connessioni con lo Stato Islamico?
Rispondere a questi e altri interrogativi è utile per comprendere la natura e la portata della minaccia e per riuscire a individuare soluzioni politiche adeguate, basate sull’evidenza empirica. Lo studio – il primo di questo tipo – mira ad analizzare il profilo demografico, le traiettorie di radicalizzazione e i legami con lo Stato Islamico degli individui che hanno compiuto attacchi di matrice jihadista in Europa e Nord America dalla proclamazione del sedicente Califfato nel giugno del 2014.
Over the last three years Europe and North America have been hit by an unprecedented wave of terrorist attacks perpetrated by individuals motivated by jihadist ideology. Who are the individuals who have carried out these attacks? Were they born and raised in the West? Or were they an “imported threat”, refugees and migrants? How did they radicalize? Were they well educated and integrated, or social outcasts? Did they act alone? What were their connections to the Islamic State?
The answers to these and other questions have large implications for our understanding of the threat facing us and, consequently, help us design sounder policy solutions built on empirical evidence. This study, the first of its kind, seeks to analyze the demographic profile, radicalization trajectories and connections to the Islamic State of all the individuals who have carried out attacks.
Officially announced by president Xi Jinping in 2013, the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has since become the centrepiece of China’s economic diplomacy.
It is a commitment to ease bottlenecks to Eurasian trade by improving and building networks of connectivity across Central and Western Asia, where the BRI aims to act as a bond for the projects of regional cooperation and integration already in progress in Southern Asia.
But it also reaches out to the Middle East as well as East and North Africa, a truly strategic area where the Belt joins the Road. Europe, the end-point of the New Silk Roads, both by land and by sea, is the ultimate geographic destination and political partner in the Belt and Road Initiative.
This report, edited by Alessia Amighini, provides an in-depth analysis of the BRI, its logic, rationale and implications for international economic and political relations.
Latin America is at a crossroads. The “golden age” inaugurated with the turn of the new millennium seems a faint memory. Economies that had grown at a steady pace are now slowing down, while some are in freefall.
Politically, the “pink tide” of populist movements is now ebbing. From Brazil to Venezuela, from Argentina to Bolivia, left-leaning leaders across the region seem to have lost their bond with the people. Their promises of an equitable society through an apparently never-ending redistribution of wealth crashed against the reality of shortsighted and unsustainable policies. Political and social turmoil are heralding an era of changes and – maybe – of new opportunities for Latin America. And this ‘great transformation’ is precisely what this volume is all about.
Where is it leading to? Does it mark the beginning of a new age? Which lessons can be learnt from the past? Leading international scholars and experts scratch beneath the surface of Latin America’s current crisis to have a clearer glimpse of what the future holds and draw policy recommendations, especially for the EU.
L’elezione di Donald Trump alla presidenza degli Stati Uniti sembra aver colto di sorpresa studiosi e osservatori: per la prima volta dalla fine della Seconda guerra mondiale, a vincere le elezioni è un candidato che declina il suo messaggio facendo leva su populismo, nazionalismo e isolazionismo. In un contesto internazionale di globalizzazione e interdipendenza, l’eventuale ripiegamento su se stessi degli Stati Uniti rischia di aprire prospettive inedite, tanto sul piano politico quanto su quello economico-commerciale.
Cosa ci aspetta? Che ne sarà dell’eredità di Obama in settori quali la sanità, i diritti civili, la politica economica? Quale l’impatto sulle relazioni tra Stati Uniti, Europa e Russia? Come si muoveranno gli USA nel complicato puzzle mediorientale, tra Siria, Israele, Arabia Saudita e Iran? Dopo le dure dichiarazioni fatte in campagna elettorale nei confronti della Cina e la promessa di costruire un muro al confine con il Messico, cosa succederà in Asia e in America Latina? Infine, cosa ne sarà dei trattati commerciali o dello storico accordo sul clima di Parigi?
Le analisi contenute nel presente volume si propongono di rispondere a questi interrogativi, delineando i possibili scenari sull’evoluzione della leadership americana nel mondo e sulle conseguenti implicazioni per i più importanti contesti geopolitici.