At a glance: Towards MED2019 – Regional Meetings
MED is the annual high-level initiative promoted by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation and ISPI (Italian Institute for International Political Studies) in Rome, with the aim to rethink traditional approaches to the area, to complement analyses of current challenges with new ideas and suggestions and to draft a new “positive agenda”, addressing shared challenges at both the regional and international level.
Launched in 2015, MED has quickly become the global hub for high–level dialogues on the broader Mediterranean engaging prominent leaders of Mediterranean governments, business, civil society, media and academia.
In the context of the Mediterranean Dialogues, Towards MED – Regional Meetings are a series of preparatory events intended to promote targeted and in-depth discussions about relevant themes concerning the Mediterranean region. These initiatives will involve international experts from leading think tanks and institutional representatives.
Background of the event
Since the start of the 21st century, many Arab states have endured severe crisis and, in some cases, bloody conflicts that, even when over, continue to produce structural and long-lasting effects on the societies and the countries they affected. Civil war, rebellions and foreign interventions have indeed favored relevant transformations not only in the political systems of states such as Iraq, Syria, or Yemen and Libya, but also in their security and defence sectors, paving the way for the emergence of armed non-state actors which have acquired a leading role in both national and regional dynamics. The path of these “informal, unofficial - often illegal - formations has not developed in a void, rather intersecting the evolution of regular armed forces to create a hybrid security governance characterized by unfamiliar and fluid coalitions of national armies (or their remnants) and paramilitary groups, often displaying coexistence and competition between them and their external backers.
- How are state’s sovereignty and the decision-making process affected by these phenomena?
- How potentially disruptive effects can be mitigated?
- Which are, in terms of SSRs and SSG, the most urgent steps required in MENA countries?
The role of balanced civil-military relations and the adoption of sound SSR policies represent essential steps to fill the gap between the security forces and the population, but also to restore the latter’s credibility while finding the proper balance in terms of both independence and political control of the military instrument. More Broadly, also, Security Sector Governance (SSG) is a paramount activity in any democratic political system, as it enhances the accountability of security forces and assists governments to preserve it over time.
By invitation only