Twenty months after the outbreak of the Arab Spring, the MENA Region is still in turmoil. The Arab Awakening has triggered deep changes and long term transformations, while big challenges persist. On one side, political transitions in countries where old regimes have been overthrown - like Egypt, Tunisia and Libya - have proved to be very difficult and are still a work in progress. On the other side, new and old regional and international actors have been playing a more active and assertive role in order to influence developments in the MENA region. Starting from an assessment of the Egyptian transition under Muslim Brotherhood rule, looking at both domestic developments and foreign policy orientation, this study offers an analysis of the role of the Gulf monarchies, China and Russia in dealing with the Arab Awakening. Following their specific geopolitical, diplomatic and economic interests - which in some cases contrast with those of the Arab people - these players are trying to affect and shape regional dynamics so as to increase their own leverage and bargaining power in the region. Sally Khalifa Isaac will deal with the Egyptian transition, while Valeria Talbot's contribution will be based on the Gulf Monarchies' point of view. China's attitde towards Arab Spring will be at the center of Shaun Breslin's analysis, while the special relationship between Russia and Syria will be dealt with in Talal Nizameddin's contribution.