The year 2019 is witnessing an eruption of tensions in Latin America, as recently shown by the crises in Ecuador and Chile. However, it also marks the end of a long electoral round in another key region of the continent: Central America. The victory of center-right parties (in Honduras and in Guatemala) and the emergence of new leaders and outsiders (in Costa Rica and in El Salvador) is drawing attention to the region’s political landscape. But old problems persist: inequalities, corruption and crime are the top priorities of almost all the countries of the isthmus, as well as key push-factors causing people to migrate towards the US. Are incoming governments ready to provide viable solutions to these issues? How could the region’s economies benefit from the fact that global trade tensions have prompted a decoupling process to more regionalized value chains? And what can be done to scale up regional integration?