The theme of the battle against unemployment has gained priority status at the most recent European Union summits. This has placed the focus back on the role of lifelong learning and the need for it, including for adults, even though there are considerable delays in implementing such initiatives. This is not a new problem. The development and enhancement of human capital were in fact the founding values of the “Lisbon Strategy”. But the outbreak of the financial and economic crisis has changed the world and necessitates drastic acceleration of the processes currently underway. Naturally this signifies the need to rethink the EU agenda and the quantification of resources and the funding allocation procedures, but above all it signifies the need to adjust the working method accordingly. The “open coordination method”, created in 2001, now needs a tonic treatment to allow the delays to be recovered and the ambitious objectives that have already been set to be met (i.e. 15% of the population of Europe aged 25 to 64 should take part in lifelong learning initiatives by the end of 2020).