One of the most intriguing elements of Japanese foreign policy in the last decade has been the embrace of new approaches to multilateral security efforts.
A core component of this new think-ing is trilateralism, in particular, a trilateralism that builds upon the Ja-pan-US security alliance, the corner-stone of Japanese security and de-fense policy.
Trilateralism is a low-risk strategy insofar as it builds upon core compo-nents of Japan’s traditional foreign policy, supplementing rather than undermining them. Effectively done, trilateralism allows security partners to more efficiently use and allocate resources. It also provides Tokyo with diplomatic cover to engage new part-ners and take on new roles. Ultimate-ly, trilateralism is a hedge against a range of diplomatic contingencies.