Libya’s pacification process is not over yet and the process of state-building is merely at its initial stage, however the risk is that Libya is fast relapsing into a sort of failed state. The first principle of a pacific and democratic transition is the establishment of security conditions permitting the maintaining of peace and territorial integrity, coming from the monopoly of the use of force by the state, which is a basic condition yet to be satisfied. The G8 called on the international community to support Tripoli's "efforts to increase the effectiveness and capacity of its security and justice sector institutions, to complete a successful transition to democracy". Rome had been asked by US President Barack Obama to play "a leading role" in this effort. This Policy Brief outlines some policy prescriptions.
Arturo Varvelli, ISPI Research Fellow